Welcome to Raystarbio!Focus On Forefront Bioactive Compounds.
Find Your Distributors

Select Your Country or Region

$ USD

You are here:Home-Inhibitors & Agonists-Ras-Raf-MAPK-ERK Pathway

Request The Product List ofRas-Raf-MAPK-ERK Pathway Ras-Raf-MAPK-ERK Pathway

MAPK families play an important role in complex cellular programs like proliferation, differentiation, development, transformation, and apoptosis. In mammalian cells, three MAPK families have been clearly characterized: namely classical MAPK (ERK), C-Jun N-terminal kinse/ stress-activated protein kinase (JNK/SAPK) and p38 kinase. Each MAPK-related cascade consists of no fewer than three enzymes that are activated in series: a MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK), a MAPK kinase (MAPKK) and a MAP kinase (MAPK).

The MAPK pathways are activated by diverse extracellular and intracellular stimuli including peptide growth factors, cytokines, hormones, and various cellular stressors. In the ERK signaling pathway, ERK1/2 is activated by MEK1/2, which is activated by Raf. Raf is activated by the Ras GTPase, whose activation is induced by RTKs such as the epidermal growth factor receptor. The JNK and p38 MAPK signaling pathways are activated by various types of cellular stress. The JNK pathway consists of JNK, a MAP2K such as MKK4 (SEK1) or MKK7, and a MAP3K such as ASK1, TAK1, MEKK1, or MLK3. In the p38 pathway, p38 is activated by MKK3 or MKK6, and these MAP2Ks are activated by the same MAP3Ks that function in the JNK pathway.

MAPK signaling pathways has been implicated in the development of many human diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and various types of cancers. Therefore, the development of small molecule drugs that selectively inhibit individual components of MAPK signaling pathways is a key therapeutic strategy for cancer and neurodegenerative disorders.

 

References:

1.Zhang W, et al. Cell Research (2002) 12, 9-18.

2. Kim EK, et al. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010 Apr;1802(4):396-405.

3. Kim EK, et al. Arch Toxicol. 2015 Jun;89(6):867-82.

Request The Product List

* Indicates a Required FieldYour information is safe with us.

  • *Product List:
  • *Applicant name:
  • *Email address:
  • *Organization name:
  • *Country:
  • Additional Information:
© Copyright 2020 RayStarBio. All Rights Reserved. Products are only for research use